Chapter 2 -Angrosino
Ethnographic Research Overview Notes
The following are some general characteristics of Ethnographic Research
- Studies people in the settings in which they actually live in
- Requires personal contact
- rapport building
- mutuality share information or reciprocal social arrangements
- Seeks the perspective and meanings held by members of the study community
- Designed to generate data so as to build general theories
- Inductive Inquiry that sometimes works out of a framework called Grounded Theory (although it is possible to start with deductive inquiry).
- Triangulation – using multiple means to collect data from a variety of sources
- Seeks to understand in context of behavior and not simply the content of that behavior
- Holistic perspective – predisposing factors, the entire situation
- Is rooted in understanding the culture
- Culture as defined as a kind of system- an integrated set of beliefs, and material products that is shared by a particular people.
- Cultural relativism – which means that every culture is assumed to be meaningful and useful to those who follow its ways.
i. The principal task of the ethnographer is to describe and explain
– Protect dignity and privacy
– Institutional Review Boards
– Informed Consent
Confidentiality , Cultural Relativism, Grounded Theory, Holistic Perspective, Inductive Inquiry Informed Consent, IRB, Mutuality, Rapport, Theory, Triangulation
Chapter 3 Site Selection and Other Practical Consideration
Unit of Analysis –where the ethnographer conducts research in the field
Selection Criteria – Three basic criteria
– Logistical criteria
- Legal access
– Definitional Criteria (how a group is defined) and Conceptual Criteria
- Conceptual criteria includes questions of saturation (significant number to study)
- Sampling of population
Some Practical Considerations
– Basic inventory (audio equipment, appropriate clothing, access)
– Advanced preparation
Characteristics of Good Ethnographic Methods
|– Resourceful- Enthusiastic
– Cultural Sensitive
|– Trustworthy- Risk-taking
– Able to think conceptually
Some questions to consider
– Conduct a personal inventory of your qualities as a potential ethnographer, what characteristic traits do you believe you possess and what areas would you need to address?
– What are some areas you cannot change?
– How can you mitigate factors you cannot change from being problematic?
– Why would the philosophy “Know thyself first” be an important concept to embrace? Do you keep a journal? Why would that be useful?
– Do you have a favorite system for collecting notes? Share some ideas.